here, flowers are near, bees are dancing around the garden.
It is the
scent of these flowers that draw the bees to them. These bees
stick their hairy legs into the flower bed full of pollens and
their straw- like tongue into the nectar pool to take in flower
nectar. Their concentration and how hardworking they are tells
us that they are not wasting one second of the time. It’s
wonderful to see the bees fly back to their hives with a stomach
full of flower nectar and two full bags of pollen collected
at their back legs.
their hive, these collected pollens are to feed the younger
bees and the nectar is used to make honey. In a beehive, there
are 3 types of bees - – Drone Bee, Worker Bee, and Queen
The Drone Bee is the male bee of the colony. Its job is to mate
with the Queen Bee. After a Drone Bee has mated with the Queen
Bee, it will die. This is because the Drone Bee’s sexual
organ is detached off its body and attached to the Queen Bee’s
body. This organ acts as a bag of sperm for the Queen Bee to
carry around used to fertilize the eggs she laid.
Bee only needs to mate with a few Drone Bees. After the mating
period, the rest of the Drone Bees who doesn’t have a
chance to mate with the Queen Bee will be left jobless. At this
time, they are considered useless bees. This is because they
do not have the ability to collect flower pollens because they
do not have hair on their back legs, they cannot collect flower
nectar because their tongue is too short to reach them and that
they eat 3 times more than the Worker Bees! The fate of these
Drone Bees is cruel. They will be kicked out of the hives! How?
When these Drones fly out of the hive to pass motion, they are
not allowed to enter the hive again.
In a Worker Bee’s life, there are 3 stages – housekeeping,
collector and guard stage. Its average lifespan is 2 –
In the first 2 weeks of the Worker Bee’s life, they are
in the housekeeping stage. At this stage, their jobs are to
clean up the hive such as removing the fellow bee carcass, mending
holes in the honey comb with propolis and bee wax, making honey
with the help of the collector bees and also to feed the Queen
Bee mouth to mouth with Royal Jelly. Royal Jelly can only be
produced by the Worker Bee within the first 10 days after they
are born at the back of their membrane. How is Royal Jelly produced?
The logic is the same as the case where a pregnant woman will
produce breast milk. It’s natural.
After 2 weeks, the bees are old enough to fly thus they will
proceed to the Collector stage. In this stage, the bees will
fly to the wild to collect flower nectar and pollen. When the
bee reached a flower with pollens, it will stick the pollen
onto their hairy legs with the help of its glands. After which
they will fly back to the hive, deposit the pollen into the
honey combs and pass the nectar mouth to mouth to the Housekeeping
Bees. The flower nectar taken in will react with the enzymes
and glands of the Housekeeping Bee. After which it will become
Honey. The Housekeeping Bees will then vomit the Honey into
the honey combs.
After another 2 weeks, the bees stepped into their old age.
They are very experience bees but they are too old to do much
flying thus they will be stationed at the entrance of the hive
to guard the hive from other insects or bees from other colony
to enter to harm their colony or snatch their food. They will
smell every bee that is entering the hive. They recognize bees
from their own colony by smell. Bees from the same colony carry
a unique identical smell that comes from the queen bee. During
the late evening, the guard bees will perform a special task.
They will tilt their bums up and flap their wings to spread
this unique smell out to the wild. This smell will act as a
guide to guide the Collector Bees back to their hive. This is
to ensure that the bees will not go knocking on the wrong door!
There is only one Queen Bee in each hive. The Queen Bee only
consumes Royal Jelly. It is believed that it is the rich nutrition
of Royal Jelly that enables the Queen Bee to live to an average
lifespan of 7 years.
job of the Queen Bee is to lay eggs. After successful mating,
which is when the sexual organ of the Drone Bee containing sperms
is attached to the Queen’s abdomen, the Queen Bee can
lay up to 1500 fertilized eggs daily. These eggs are laid in
the clean empty pockets in the honey comb. However, sperm used
to fertilize the eggs laid cannot last for the whole lifespan
of the Queen Bee. Once the sperms are used up, the Worker Bees
will stop feeding her with Royal Jelly and allow her to starve
to death. How cruel! At this moment, these Worker Bees will
start to make a new Queen Bee. They will start to find the fertilized
eggs that the dead Queen Bee has laid; vomit Royal Jelly to
allow the larvae to consume. This is because when the larvae
is constantly fed with Royal Jelly, they will develop into Queen
Bees. Royal chambers that are shaped like a peanut are built
for the larvae to grow into Queen Bees on the honey combs. The
newly hatched Queen will destroy any other unhatched Queens,
fights to death with any hatched Queens. In the end only the
strongest Queen will survive.
of Bees – Beehive
Beehives are mostly constructed in trees. Like humans, the bees
construct their own house. The hexagonal holes of the honey
combs in the hive are made up of bee wax which is found at the
stomach surface of the bees. When the bees want to produce this
bee wax, they will consume large amounts of honey the previous
night, rest at the ceiling of the hive so that these honey consumed
will turn into bee wax and form at their stomach surface through
the wax holes at their body. Then, the bee wax will dry up with
the presence of air. At this point of time, they are ready for
construction of the honey combs.
you think the bees work like humans? They live in different
houses that they built themselves but work in the same place
(flower garden), have different jobs to take care of and produce
nutritional stuffs like honey, propolis and royal jelly!